Event Timeline

1353 | Born | Life

Event Description: Peter Plaoul is born in Liege

primary: CUP III, p. 418 #1521, xij. BE

In this document from August 16th, 1385, Plaoul is identified as being 32 years old.

secondary: Millet, 180-181 BE

secondary: Sullivan, p. 433 BE

1360 | Trained in the cathedral school of St. Lambert | Life

Event Description: Trained in the cathedral school of St. Lambert

secondary: Gallia Christiana X, 1431 BEGL

secondary: Millet, p. 180-181 BE

1370-10-20 (Not Before) -- 1378-11-17 (Not After) | Earliest point to be Licensed in arts | Education

Event Description: October 20th, 1370 is the earliest point Plaoul could have been licensed in the arts faculty, since the source documents indicate that Plaoul was licensed in the arts faculty under chancellorship of John Caloris. Caloris was confirmed as chancellor sometime between Oct 20, 1370 and Jan 5th 1370 (CUP, p. 193 #1362), making Oct 20, 1370 the terminus a quo. It's currently unclear why Millet and Sullivan cite 1371 with such confidence since they both refer only to CUP, p. 419, #1521 which merely indicates that Plaoul was licensed under the chancellorship of Caloris. The terminus ad quem is November 17th, 1378 because Plaoul is noted as master of the arts faculty by this date. See below

primary: CUP III, p. 419 #1521 BE

secondary: Bernstein (1978), Pierre d'Ailly and the Blanchard Affair, p. 91 BE

secondary: Millet (2009), p. 181 BE

secondary: Sullivan (2011), p. 433 BE

1378-11-17 | Noted as Master in the Arts Faculty in provision | Education | doubtful

Event Description: Plaoul is indeed noted as a Master of the Arts faculty in a provision granting him the expectation of a prebend in the church of St. Pierre. However, this date actually represents a nominal date indicating Plaoul's place in line to receive the prebend rather when the expectation was actually granted. See below. Thus, despite the fact that Sullivan takes this as evidence that Plaoul was a Master in the Arts faculty at this time, it more like that ms. 219, f. 210v is evidence that Plaoul was a Master in the Arts sometime between 1385 and 1387. (Again, see below)

manuscript: ASV, Reg. Aven., 219, f. 210v BE

secondary: Sullivan, p. 433 BE

1381-07-15 | Becomes sub-chancellor | BlanchardAffair

Event Description: We surmise that Plaoul became sub-chancellor on this date because this is the data that Blanchard was given the chancellorship by Clement VII.

primary: CUP III, p. 301, #1461 BE

This document, as the title indicates, is a letter from Clement VII to John Blanchard, in which Clement VII gives the chancellorship of the church of Paris (and therefore of the University of Paris) to John Blanchard "on account of his devotion" to the Avignon Pope.

secondary: Bernstein, p. 45 BE

1385-04-15 | Summoned to give testimony | BlanchardAffair

Event Description: Plaoul is summoned by the Cardina of Laon, Peter of Montagu, acting at bequest of Clement VII, to give testimony regarding the Blanchard Affair.

primary: CUP III, p. 347, #1509 BE

secondary: Bernstein, p. 72 BE

1385-04-15 | Listed as sub-chancellor | BlanchardAffair

Event Description: Plaoul is listed as a sub-chancellor of the University of Paris

primary: CUP III, p. 347, #1509 BE

1385-05-01 | Accused by the University of Paris | BlanchardAffair

Event Description: Plaoul's, as sub-chancellor is accused of wrongdoing alongside John Blanchard

primary: CUP III, p. 349 #1511 BE

This document lists articles of accusations against the chancellor of Paris (John Blanchard) on behalf of the University. In identifying the offending party, Plaoul is listed alongside Blanchard on account of being the sub-chancellor.

1385-05-01 | Listed as a MA | Education

Event Description: Plaoul's name is listed again as a Master of the Arts Faculty

primary: CUP III, p. 349 #1511 BE

Plaoul is listed as a Master in the Arts faculty

secondary: Sullivan, p. 433 BE

1385-05-01 | Listed as sub-chancellor | BlanchardAffair

Event Description: Plaoul is listed as a sub-chancellor of the University of Paris

primary: CUP III, p. 349 #1511 BE

Plaoul is listed for a second time in 1385 as sub-chancellor

secondary: Gallia Christiana X, 1431 BEGL

1385-07-01 | Plaoul's name is listed as a Master of the Arts Faculty | Education

Event Description: In the same document in which Plaoul is "excluded from the consortium and university congregation," he is also listed as a Master in the Art's faculty.

primary: CUP III, p. 394 #1516 BE

secondary: Bernstein, p. 75 BE

1385-07-01 | Plaoul is excluded from university congregation | BlanchardAffair

Event Description: Plaoul is "excluded from the consortium and university congregation."

primary: CUP III, p. 394 #1516 BE

As Bernstein explains, this document is evidence of disciplinary action taken by the masters of the university against everyone close to Blanchard. Bernstein translates: "In contempt of the chancellor and his office, and under the pretest of pretended abuses" runs Blanchard's complaint "the masters consider all these men excluded from the consortium and community of the university congregation"

secondary: Bernstein, p. 75 BE

1385-07-01 | Listed as sub-chancellor | BlanchardAffair

Event Description: Plaoul is listed as a sub-chancellor of the University of Paris

primary: CUP III, p. 394 #1516 BE

Here again for a third time in 1385 Plaoul is listed as sub-chancellor

1385-08-01 | Plaoul listed as a Master in the Arts Faculty | Education

Event Description: Plaoul continues to be listed as a Master of the Arts Faculty

primary: CUP III, p. 397 #1518 BE

secondary: Sullivan, p. 433 BE

1385-08-16 | Becomes bachelor of theology | Education

Event Description: Plaoul becomes bachelor of theology; probably serves as cursor

primary: CUP III, p. 418 #1521, xij. BE

This is the same document that calls Plaoul to testify regarding the Blanchard Affair from which are able to determine Plaoul's birth year. Important here is the fact that Plaoul is listed for the first time as a "bac. in theol.,"

secondary: Sullivan, p. 433 BE

1385-08-16 | Plaoul summoned to testify | BlanchardAffair

Event Description: Plaoul summoned a second time to testify about quarrel in which he extorted money on behalf of the chancellor

primary: CUP III, p. 418 #1521, xij BE

secondary: Bernstein, p. 88 BE

secondary: Sullivan, p. 434 BE

1385-08-16 | Listed as sub-chancellor | BlanchardAffair

Event Description: Plaoul is listed as a sub-chancellor of the University of Paris

primary: CUP III, p. 418 #1521, xij BE

Here one can see that Plaoul is identified as "subcancellarius eccl. Paris"

1385-12-10 (Not Before) -- 1387-03-02 (Not After) | Received an expectation of a prebend in the church of St. Pierre in Lille | Benefices

Event Description: Received an expectation of a prebend in the church of St. Pierre in Lille, which was given a nominal date of November 11, 1378, which while establishing a firm terminus a quo is less suggestive of when the expectation was given and was rather used as a way of indicating Plaoul's degree priority against other claimants to the prebend. See below for another example of this nominal dating system. For complicated reasons regarding where the supplication exists within the volume, Goddard suggests that it was most likely approved after December 10, 1385, nearly 7 years after its nominal dating. March 2nd 1387 represents a terminus ad quem since in a supplication request from this date () he lists the benefices that he already holds and there includes the expectation of a prebend in the church of st. Pierre. Since he list holding the expectation on March 3rd it is almost certain that the expectation was granted prior to this date.

manuscript: ASV, Reg. Aven., 219, f. 210v BE

1387 | Provisor of the Sorbonne | Benefices | Doubtful

Event Description: Listed in the Gallia Christiana as Provisor of the Sorbonne in 1387. But this is corroborated by no other sources and thus is very doubtful

secondary: Gallia Christiana X, 1431 BEGL

1387 | Canon of the cathedral chapter of Senlis | Benefices | Doubtful

Event Description: Listed in the Gallia Christiana as being a cannon in the cathedral chapter of Senlis in 1387. But this is corroborated by no other sources and thus is very doubtful.

secondary: Gallia Christiana X, 1431 BEGL

1387 | Canon of the cathedral chapter of Paris | Benefices | Doubtful

Event Description: Listed in the Gallia Christiana as being a cannon in the cathedral chapter of Paris in 1387. But this is corroborated by no other sources and thus is very doubtful.

secondary: Gallia Christiana X, 1431 BEGL

secondar: Sullivan, "Plaoul, Petrus" BE

Sullivan cites only Gallia Christiana here

1387-03-02 | Requests Vacant Prebend for the College at St. Omer | Benefices

Event Description: Requests Vacant Prebend for the College at St. Omer; this request also confirms that he holds the expectation of a prebend at the church of St. Pierre in Lille (see above). Millet notes that a prebend at the College of St. Omer was left vacant on March 2nd, 1387 (Millet, p. 183)

manuscript: ASV, Reg. Suppl. 70, f. 56r BE

manuscript: ASV, Reg. Aven. 250, f. 12r BE

secondary: Sullivan, p. 434 BE

1388 | Participates in University Envoy to Avignon | Political

Event Description: In 1388, a University envoy was sent to Avignon to defend the position of the immaculate conception. Pierre d'Ailly, Gilles de Dchamps, Jean Gerson were three members of the college of Navarre that were accompanied by "Peter Plaoul, and ten doctors, a Cistersian, and a Benedictine" (Gorochov, p. 538).

: Gorochov, Le collège de Navarre, 1997, p. 538 BE

1388 | Plaoul requests benefices on behalf of Gilles Sansonnet | Benefices

Event Description: Plaoul included the name of Gilles Sansonnet on a rotolus written by Plaoul

secondary: Gorochov, Le collège de Navarre, 1997, p. 699 BE

1388-07-11 | Requests unspecified benefice | Benefices

Event Description: Requests unspecified benefice; this requests confirms that he holds the previously requested prebend in St-Omer (see above). Plaoul is serving as a papal nuntius at this time, and thus is actually present at Avignon. His justification for requesting this other benefice is partly because he complains that it will be awhile before he begins to receive revenues.

manuscript: ASV Reg. Suppl. 74, f. 158r. BE

primary: CUP III, p. 501, #1563 BE

secondary: Millet, "Pierre Plaoul" 183 and 183n14 BE

secondary: Sullivan, p. 434 BE

1389-03-17 | Requests confirmation of accession to prebend | Benefices | Uncertain

Event Description: Requests confirmation of accession to prebend in St-Pierre. See above for earlier expectation of this benefice.

manuscript: ASV Reg. Suppl. 75, f. 89v. BE

1389-10-07 | Acts as proctor | Political

Event Description: Acted as proctor for exchange of benefices between Pierre d'Ailly and Jean de Guignicourt; holds prend of St-Omer. Millet points out that he was criticized for wearing rich clothes although he had no outside source of income.

manuscript: ASV, Reg. Aven. 257, f. 171v BE

primary: CUP III, p. 482, #1552 BE

secondary: Bernstein, Pierre d'Ailly, p. 80 BE

Though no mention is made of Plaoul, Bernstein identifies this event and explains why the event occurred. In short, the masters of the university were still unhappy with Guignicourt as chancellor of the university. Clement, therefore, permitted Guignicourt to exchange benefices with Pierre d'Ailly. Bernstein writes: "D'Ailly gave up his canonries at Amiens and Meaux in return for the chancellorshiop." (Bernstein cites CUP III, #1552 and #1553 as his source.)

secondary: Sullivan, Plaoul, Petrus, p. 434 BE

1389-12-11 (Not Before) -- 1391-06-30 (Not After) | Provision to parish church | Benefices

Event Description: Provision to parish church of Thiberville (dioc. of Lisieux; cancelled earlier provision for church of Salmaise (Autun dioc). The Registra Avenionensia lists multiple dates making a precise dating difficult. December 11th, 1389 is the "nominal" date indicating Plaoul's level of priority with respect to other claimants to the same benefice and thus it is the terminus a quo. (See above for another example of this use of the "nominal date"). June 30th, 1391 indicates the date the benefice was actually handed over to Plaoul, making it the latest possible date that it could have been granted and the terminus ad quem.

manuscript: ASV, Reg. Aven. 260, f. 195r BE

secondary: Sullivan, p. 434 BE

1392-10-11 -- 1393 | Reads Sentences | Education

Event Description: Plaoul serves lecturer on the Sentences (baccalaureus sententiarius)

manuscript: BnF ms lat 3074 (MS P)

secondary: Glorieux passim

secondary: Sullivan, p. 433 BE

1393 | Possibly Licensed in theology | Education

Event Description: Plaoul is possibly licensed in theology (ranked first)

manuscript: Bnf ms lat 5657-A, f. 11r

secondary: Millet, Pierre Plaoul, p. 185 BE

Millet does not point to a primary source

secondary: Sullivan, Plaoul, Petrus p. 433 BE

Sullivan's source is Bnf ms lat 5657-A, f. 11r

1393 | Provisor of the Sorbonne | Benefices

Event Description: Provisor of the Sorbonne

secondary: Gallia Christiana X, 1431 BEGL

1393 | Canon of the cathedral chapter of Senlis | Benefices | doubtful

Event Description: The Gallia Christiana states that Plaoul was canon in the cathedral chapter of Senlis in 1393. However, it lists no primary source and Millet notes that she can find no way to verify this.

secondary: Gallia Christiana X, 1431 BEGL

secondary: Millet, Pierre Plaoul, p. 185n20 BE

secondary: Sullivan, Petrus, Plaoul, 436 BE

Sullivan states this as fact, without noting lack of verification in primary sources. His cited secondary sources are Gane and Des Graviers

1394 | Canon of the cathedral chapter of Paris | Benefices

Event Description: Canon of the cathedral chapter of Paris (possibly earlier)

manuscript: Archives Nationales, LL 108 A, p. 247 BE

secondary: Gallia Christiana X, 1431 BEGL

secondary: Des Graviers, "Messeignerus", p. 219

secondary: Gane, Le chapitre de Notre-Dame, p. 368, n. 518 BE

secondary: Millet, Pierre Plaoul, 185 and 185n20 BE

secondary: Sullivan, Plaoul, Petrus, p. 436 BE

Sullivan cites Gane and Des Graviers as his sources

1394-02-25 | Listed as Master of Theology | Education

primary: CUP III, p. 605, #1679 BEGL

secondary: Millet, Pierre Plaoul, p. 85 and later in a different context on p. 86 BE

Millet does not point to a primary source in either case, but she almost certainly has in mind the list from CUP III, p. 605, #1679

1394-02-25 -- 1394-02-26 | Attends University meeting to end schism | Political

Event Description: At meeting to discuss possible ways of ending the Schism

primary: CUP III, p. 605, #1679 BEGL

Document 1679, titled "Congregationes Universitatis Paris, post extractionem schedularum" lists the attendees at a university meeting held to discuss ways of ending the schism.

secondary: Swanson, Universities, p. 83

Swanson discusses this event, and references the above document from the Chartularium, though he does not reference Plaoul's attendance there.

secondary: Millet, Pierre Plaoul, p. 186; BE

secondary: Sullivan, Plaoul, Petrus p. 435 BE

1394-09-16 (Not Before) | Plaoul Calls for witholding of rotulus | Political | Uncertain

Event Description: Johannes Guignicourt and Pierre Plaoul call for the withheld rotulus. This date is suggested as the earliest possible since it is the date that Pope Clement VII died, and the need for a new rotulus would seem to arise with election of a new pope.

primary: Froissart, XV, pp. 129-130

secondary: Millet, Pierre Plaoul p. 195 BE

Millet discusses this event here though she notes that there is an error in Froissart's dating.

secondary: Swanson, Plaoul, Petrusp. 91 BE

Swanson discusses the reluctance of Parisian masters to submit a rotolus, although he does not mention Plaoul by name.

1395-02-02 | Participates in First Clerical Assembly | Political

Event Description: Took part in the First Clerical Assembly in favor of cession

primary: Bellaguet (1840), Chronique du religieux de Saint-Denys, II, 218-227 esp. 222 and 223 BEGL

secondary: Millet, p. 186n23 BE

secondary: Sullivan, p. 435 BE

1396-06 | Sent to Kings of Boehemia and Hungary | Political | Uncertain

Event Description: Sent to the kings of Bohemia and Hungary in order to ???

primary: Bellaguet (1840), Chronique du religieux de Saint-Denys, II, pp. 416-418, esp. 416 BE

secondary: Valois III, pp. 80-82, esp. 80 BE

secondary: Millet, p. 186 BE

secondary: Sullivan, p. 434 BE

1396-08-28 | Petitions for audience at Second Clerical Council | Political

Event Description: Petitions for audience at Second Clerical Council

manuscript: Vat, armar. 55, n. 46, f. 30a

this manuscript is described by Ehrle on p. 194 -- need to double check manuscript reference

primary: Ehrle, Neue materialen, 219 BEGL

secondary: Millet, p. 186 BE

1396-08-29 | Speaks at the Second Clerical Council | Political | Uncertian

Event Description: Plaoul speaks at the Second Clerical Council insisting on the need for withdrawal of obedience to the Avignon pope.

: Allegaciones, ASV, Arm. 54, t. 24, fol. 252r

Elie de Lestrange provides a paraphrase of Plaoul's argument -- see Kaminsky, p. 164-165

manuscript: Vat, armar. 55, n. 46, f. 30b

this manuscript is described by Ehrle on p. 194 -- need to double check manuscript reference

primary: Ehrle, ALKG 6:221 BEGL

secondary: Swanson, Universities, p. 114 BE

Swanson cites Ehrle, p. 221 as his primary source

secondary: Kaminsky, Simon de Cramaud, p. 164-165 BE

Kaminsky cites the Allegaciones of Elie de Lestrange as his primary source; he also points to Ehrle ALKG 6:222 "for a bare reference to their presentation as a speech." (Kaminsky 164, 59)

secondary: Millet, p. 186 BE

secondary: Sullivan, p. 435 BE

1396-11-20 | Forced by University to defend [or oppose] subtraction | Political | Uncertain

Event Description: Forced by university to defend [or oppose] the substraction of obedience before the royal council on pain of being deprived of his University Status. RSD seems to suggest that Plaoul was argued in opposition withdrawal of obedience, which is in consistent with much of his other activities. However, this would explain his reluctance to accept the task given to him. Plaoul was listed as having to argue in favor of the pope; Millet suggests that this is a scribal error, but it could also be an indication that the "debate" was being stacked.

primary: Auctarium Chartularii Universitatis Parisiensis, I, c. 730 BE

primary: Valois, III, 139, n. 1 BEGL

note 2 refers to RSD II, 526, where Plaoul as listed as someone arguing against subtraction. See event 1397-02-01

secondary: Lusignan, Verite garde le roy, 184 and 201 BE

cited by Sullivan

secondary: Millet, p. 186 BE

secondary: Sullivan, 435 BE

This event is somewhat unclear in Sullivan's description. He only attaches it to the year 1396 but describes it before he describes Plaoul's speech in favor of substraction of Obedience at the Clergy Council in August 1396. But according to Valois, and through him, the Auctarium, suggest that this imposition was on Plaoul in November 20th, 1396. The royal council in question is most likely the royal council held in February of 1397 not noted by Sullivan.

1397 | Plaoul possibly licensed in theology | Education | Doubtful

Event Description: Sullivan is the only who makes this suggestion based on the custom normally that a bachalarius formatus would be license five years after he read the sentences. However given the evidence that Plaoul was licensed in 1393 (see above) and appears in the Chartularium as master of theology in 1394 (see above), it seems clear that this suggestion is false.

secondary: Sullivan, p. 434 BE

1397-02-01 | Takes part in Royal Council Regarding Schism | Political

Event Description: Plaoul takes part in a debate organized in the royal council regarding the schism. Plaoul was listed as having to argue in favor of the pope; Millet suggests that this is a scribal error, but it could also be an indication that the "debate" was being stacked.

primary: Bellaguet (1840), Chronique du religieux de Saint-Denys, II, p. 526 BE

secondary: Millet, pp. 186-187 BE

1398-05-01 -- 1398-06-01 | Participates in Third Clerical Assembly | Political | Uncertain

Event Description: Attended Third Clerical Assembly

secondary: Guenee (1991), Between Church and State, 1991, p. 190 BE

secondary: Sullivan, p. 435 BE

1398-05-24 | Plaoul Elected to Speak at Third Clerical Assembly | Political | Uncertain

Event Description: Plaoul is one of 12 people chosen to give a speach at the Third Clerical Assembly.

secondary: Millet, p. 187 BE

1398-06-07 | Speaks on behalf of University | Political | Uncertain

Event Description: Pierre Plaoul gives closing speech at third clerical assembly on behalf of the University

manuscript: BNF, lat. ms. 14644 BNF, f. 15a

mansucript transcribed by Ehrle VI, 281. Ms appears to be described on p. 272 [double check]

primary: Ehrle VI, 281 BEGL

while the text says, June 5th, Ehrle indicates that the date was actually June 7th, the Friday after the feat of corpus christi. Ehrle does not tell us how he knows this.

primary: Bourgeois de Chastenet, Nouvelle Histoire de Concile de Constance, pp. 61-74 BEGL

Plaoul's speech is recorded from pages 63-74

secondary: Gallia Christiana X, 1431 BEGL

secondary: Kaminsky, Simon de Cramaud, p. 216 and p. 221 BE

On p. 216, note 29, Kaminsky provides helpful navigational descriptions of the text of Bourgeois de Chastenet. He write: "For Plaoul speech see BdeC: 64 ("mihi est injunctum, quod proponam pro totali"); the university's vote is on p. 76, and cf. p. 79)

secondary: Millet, p. 187 BE

1398-12-01 | Prepares to join embassy to Avignon | Political

Event Description: Plaoul prepares to join embassy to Avignon headed by Louis of Orleans. It is noteworthy that Plaoul seems to have gained some respect from the Duke of Orleans despite the fact that the Duke opposed Subtraction that Plaoul Supported

secondary: Valois III, pp. 208-209 BEGL

secondary: Millet, p. 187 BE

1398-12-01 | Plaoul included in Christmas list of Duke of Orleans | Political

Event Description: The Duke of Orelans included Plaoul in his Christmas list of 1398. A gift of cloth and furs was given

secondary: Valois III, p. 208, n. 2 BEGL

1399 | Sent to Liege | Political | Uncertain

Event Description: Sent to Liege to remove their obedience from the Roman pontif, Boniface IX.

primary: Bellaguet (1840), Chronique du religieux de Saint-Denys, II, p. 690 BE

secondary: Gallia Christiana, X, 1431 BEGL

secondary: Valois pp. 283-286, esp. 283 BEGL

secondary: Millet, p. 187 BE

secondary: Sullivan, p. 434 BE

1400-01-05 | Denied vacant benefice | Benefices

Event Description: Plaoul is denied reception of vacant benefice through a proctor by university rector

manuscript: Archives Nationales, LL 109a, p. 37 BE

primary: , 42, #1760 BE

secondary: Millet, p. 188 BE

secondary: Sullivan, p. 435 BE

1402-09-02 | Plaoul receives compensation from travel | Political | Uncertain

Event Description: Plaoul receives 50 "ecus" by letter from the Duke of Burgundy for travel during his trip to Liege in 1399

manuscript: Bibl. nat., collection de Bourgogne, ms. 65, fol. 73v

secondary: Valois, III, p. 284, n. 2 BEGL

1405 | Heads Embassy to Pope Innocent VII | Political | Uncertain

Event Description: Headed embassy to pope Innocent VII

manuscript: AUP I, p. 892

primary: Bellaguet (1841), Chronique du religieux de Saint-Denys, III, p. 360 BE

secondary: Valois, Schisme III, pp. 424-425 BEGL

It's difficult to find Plaoul's name on either p. 424 or 425. What in Valois makes this connection?

secondary: Meyjes (1999), Jean Gerson Apostle of Unity, p. 119 BE

Meyjes cites Valois III, p. 422, n. 5, pp. 423-6 as source for entire discussion

secondary: Millet, p. 188 BE

1405-06-21 | Present at Paris return books and library key | Education

Event Description: Plaoul returns 30 books and the library key to the Library at the College of the Sorbonne.

manuscript: Paris, Bibliothèque Mazarine, ms. 3323, f. 30r

This has been transcribed in Vielleard, p. 194-195

primary: Vielliard, Le Registre de Prêt, pp. 194-195 BE

this is a transcription of ms. 3323, f. 30r

secondary: Millet, p. 188 BE

1405-07-25 | Returns library books, retains other and the key | Education

Event Description: Returns all "cancelled" books, but keeps others as well as the library key

manuscript: Paris, Bibliothèque Mazarine, ms. 3323, f. 30r

This has been transcribed in Vielleard, p. 195

primary: Vielliard, Le Registre de Prêt, p. 195 BE

this is a transcription of ms. 3323, f. 30r

1405-10-05 | Returns Library Book and Key | Education

Event Description: Returns all books and a key; a key which was previously in the possession of Johannes de Atrio

manuscript: Paris, Bibliothèque Mazarine, ms. 3323, f. 30r

This has been transcribed in Vielleard, p. 195

primary: Vielliard, Le Registre de Prêt, p. 195 BE

this is a transcription of ms. 3323, f. 30r

secondary: Millet, p. 188 BE

1406-04-01 | Re-borrows books and keys | Education

Event Description: Present again in Paris to re-borrow books and key

manuscript: Paris, Bibliothèque Mazarine, ms. 3323, f. 30r

This has been transcribed in Vielleard, p. 195

primary: Vielliard, Le Registre de Prêt, p. 195 BE

this is a transcription of ms. 3323, f. 30r

secondary: Millet, p. 188 BE

1406-05-27 | Seeks Condemnation of Letter from Univ of Toulouse | Political | Uncertain

Event Description: Plaoul along with Jean Petit emerge as the spokesmen for a policy of renewed subtraction from Benedict. Their first task was to speak before Parliament of Paris and ask (successfully) for the condemnation of an anti-subtractionist letter published by the University of Toulouse

manuscript:

primary: Bellaguet (1841), Chronique du religieux de Saint-Denys, III, pp. 376-377 BEGL

primary: Tuetey, Journal de Nicolas de Bay: Greffier du Parelement de Paris 1400-1417 (NdB) 1:157-159 BEGL

The May 27th Assembly is recorded here, by Plaoul's name is not mentioned.

secondary: Valois, III, pp. 432-433 BEGL

secondary: Gallia Christiana X, p. 1432 BEGL

The text notes that two orations given by Plaoul in 1406 can be found in the library of the college of St. Victor. The text indicates that these orations were given on behalf of the University of Paris at a meeting of important French dignitaries. The mention of two different orations probably refers to two different speeches, the first one from May and the second one from June.

secondary: Ouy Manuscrites, 2:314

Note sure what this is but it was included in the table of dates

1406-06-07 | Plaoul seeks support from Parliament for subtraction | Political | Uncertain

Event Description: Only a short while after asking Parliament to condemn the anti-subtractionist letter of the University of Toulouse, Plaoul, along with Jean Petit, goes before Parliament again to ask for support for the renewed policiy of subtraction

primary: Bellaguet (1841), Chronique du religieux de Saint-Denys, III, p. 376 BEGL

primary: Tuetey, Journal de Nicolas de Bay: Greffier du Parelement de Paris 1400-1417 (NdB) I, 159 BEGL

secondary: Gallia Christiana X, p. 1432 BEGL

The text notes that two orations given by Plaoul in 1406 can be found in the library of the college of St. Victor. The text indicates that these orations were given on behalf of the University of Paris at a meeting of important French dignitaries. The mention of two different orations probably refer to the two different speeches, the first one from May and the second one from June.

secondary: Valois, III, pp. 432-433 BEGL

secondary: Millet, p. 189 BE

1406-12-15 -- 1406-12-16 | Speaks at Fourth Clerical Assembly | Political

Event Description: Plaoul is one of three spokesmen for the University's policy of subtraction: the other two speakers were Jean Petit and Simon de Cramaud. Plaoul argued that the Schism was a 'violent thing' and its solution required going beyond the 'order of law.'

primary: Bulaeus, Historia Universitatis Parisiensis, 1670, V, p. 133 BEGL

primary: Bourgeois de Chastenet, Nouvelle Histoire de Concile de Constance, 177-189 BEGL

It is from this speech that we learn that Plaoul was from Liege, see Millet, 180

secondary: Rashdall, The Universities of Europe, 1895, p. 548, n. 4 BEGL

Rashdall source is Bulaeus, V. p. 132

secondary: Coville (1932), Jean Petit, p. 73 BE

It is currently to identify the source Coville is using

secondary: Kaminsky, Simon de Cramaud, 117n23, 165n63, 265-266 BE

In 117n23 and 165n63 citations, Kaminsky points to BdeC, p. 192f, but I have listed 177-189. There may be mistake here.

secondary: Guenee (1991), Between Church and State, 1991 p. 205 BE

Guenee's source is Coville, Jean Petit, 73-80 (the reference appears to happen directly on p. 73

secondary: Goddard, "Myth", 17-18 BE

secondary: Millet, 190 BE

1407-04-22 -- 1407-04-22 (Not After) | Returns all library books with key | Education | Uncertain

Event Description: Returns all library books with key [and John de Atrio "has those without the acquisition of law." Date is not precise, manuscript stats 1407 on the 22nd day but does not give month. We assume it cannot be after May 1407 since it was in main that he joined the embassy to Rome.

manuscript: Paris, Bibliothèque Mazarine, ms. 3323, f. 30r

This has been transcribed in Vielleard, p. 195

primary: Vielliard, Le Registre de Prêt, p. 195 BE

this is a transcription of ms. 3323, f. 30r

1407-05-01 -- 1407-07-01 | Participates in Embassy to Rome | Political

Event Description: Part of important Embassy to Marseille (to see Benedict XIII) and then Rome (to see Gregory XII). Guenee describes the even this way: "plans were made to send an embasssy to Marseille, where Benedict XIII was staying, and then on to Rome to see Gregory XII, in the hope that this might facilitate the double abdication. This important embassy involved thirty-six individuals, an unusually large number" (Guenee, pp. 208-209)

manuscript: Archives Nationales, J. 516, no. 31 BE

primary: Bellaguet (1841), Chronique du religieux de Saint-Denys, III, pp. 510-520, esp. p. 514 BEGL

primary: Monstrelet, CEM, I, p. 146-151 BEGL

The same embassy is described by Monstrelet, though--as noted by Valois--only a few ambassadors are named and Plaoul is not one of them.

secondary: Valois III, 499, n. 6; BEGL

This text is referenced by Sullivan as p. 409, n. 6, but it is actually p. 499, n. 6

secondary: Ornato, Jean Muret, 177 n. 345 BE

secondary: Guenee, Between Church and State, 1991, p. 209 BE

Guenee cites RSD III, pp. 512-515 and Valois, La France, III, p. 499 as sources

secondary: Sullivan, 436 BE

there is an error in Sullivan's citation to Valois. The note number 6 that he references is on p. 499 not p. 409

1407-05-01 | Participates in embassy to Pope Benedict | Political

Event Description: Plaoul is part of an embassy to Pope Benedict, where he does no serve as a spokesman and is forced to show elaborate respect to the Pontiff. This is undoubtedly an awkward moment for Plaoul who only months before argued forcefully for the subtraction of obedience to Pope Benedict.

secondary: Gallia Christiana X, 1431 BEGL

This text suggests the year 1408.

secondary: Valois, III, p. 510 BEGL

Valois must have a primary source for this, but it is difficulty to identify.

secondary: Boussuat, "une relation inedite", 99

not sure what this is, but it was included in table of dates, could it be a primary source

1407-07-01 | On embassy to Rome, Plaoul Addresses Pope Gregory XII | Political

Event Description: The embassy to Rome moves on from the court of Benedict to the court of Pope Gregory XII. The goal of this meeting was to arrange a colloquy between the two rival pontiffs. Here, Plaoul resumed his usual role as spokesman for the University. He gave a sermon before the Pope in favor or the via cessionis. The theme of the sermon was "domine, dabis pacem nobis"

primary: Bellaguet (1841), Chronique du religieux de Saint-Denys, III, pp. 650-654, esp. p. 650 BEGL

secondary: Gallia Christiana X, 1431 BEGL

This text suggests the year 1408

secondary: Millet, p. 191 BE

1408 | Plaoul Present in Italy | Political

Event Description: Pierre Plaoul was still in Italy with another University spokesman, Simon de Cramaud. During that time both masters were probably present at the defection of the majority of the Roman college of cardinals from Gregory in May 1408 and definitely served as facilitators and witnesses for the merger of the two colleges of cardinals in June of that year

primary: Martene, Amplissima Collectio, VII, cols. 771-775 BEGL

secondary: J. Vincke, Briefe zum Pisaner Konzil, n. 15 BE

secondary: Millet, p. 192 BE

1408-06-29 | Present at the Union of the two colleges of cardinals | Political

Event Description: He was present at the union of the two colleges of cardinals; he was among the Frenchman excommunicated by Benedict XIII (cf. ?)

primary: Martene, Amplissima Collectio, VII, col. 798-800 BEGL

secondary: Valois IV, 44 BE

secondary: Kaminsky, Simon de Cramaud, p. 279 BE

Kaminsky cites Martene, VII, 798-803 as his source

primary: Millet, p. 192 BE

1408-08-01 | Plaoul Returns to Paris and Rejoins Fifth Clerical Council | Political

Event Description: Plaoul (and Cramaud) have returned to Paris by this time and are therefore able to be present at the Fifth Assembly of the French Clergy. The focus of this assembly was on dealing with the aftermath of France's own declaration of neutrality with regard to both popes in May 1408, a move that laid the groundwork for the French support of the Council of Pisa.

manuscript: Monstrelet, La chronique d'Enguerrand de Monstrelete, (possibly Bibliotheque imperiale n. 8345, and 8346) (see d'Arcq, p. xiv, for description of various manuscripts)

primary: d'Arcq (ed.), La chronique d'Enguerrand de Monstrelet I, p. 349 BEGL

This document from the chronicles of Monstrelet indicates that Plaoul with Cramaud returned to Paris and were present at the 5th Clerical Council. It also states that Plaoul and Cremaud were previously in Italy as ambassadors of the King of France and the University of Paris

primary: Bulaeus, 1670, Historia Universitatis Parisiensis.p. 189 BEGL

Bulaeus appears to be relying on the chronicle of Monstrelet. He writes: Simon Cramaudus et Petrps Plaoul, eorum reditus Ecclesiae Gall. Praelatis tunc congregatis gratissimus acceptissimusque fuit, ut narrat Monstreletius." A quotation from Monstrelet then appears to follow

secondary: Millet, p. 192 BE

1408 | Named as representative to the Council of Pisa | Political | Uncertain

Event Description: Plaoul is named as a representative to the Council of Pisa

manuscript: Turin, Archivio di Stato, Protocollo ducale, n. 2, f. 58r, l. 348

This list is transcribed and edited by Millet, 1981

primary: Mansi, Amplissima Collectio, XXVII, col. 341 BE

This source was mentioned by Millet, 1981

primary: Mansi, Amplissima Collectio, XXVI, col. 1247 BE

This seems to be the same list seen in Bulaeus and in Millet, but it does not seem to correspond to the reference in Millet 1981 to Mansi XXVII 341.

secondary: Bulaeus, (1670), Historida Universitatis Parisiensis, BEGL

Bulaeus is quoting a letter which he attributes to the rector of the university but gives no source. The list of name closely approximates the list of names noted by Helene Millet. But it is not yet clear whether they are using the same source or whether Bulaeus is quoting from a document distinct from the Turin manuscript.

secondary: Millet (1981), "Pères du concile", p. 752 BE

Millet's source is the Turin manuscript but she notes parallel references to Plaoul in Mansi, Sacrorum conciliorum nova et amplissima collectio XXVII, 1784, col. 331-356, col. 341 and ms Vat Lat. 4000, p. 101v

secondary: Jourdain, Index, p. 225

secondary: Sullivan, "Plaoul, Petrus", p. 436

Sullivan cites Jourdain and Millet as sources

1409-04-13 | Arrives at Council of Pisa | Political | Uncertain

Event Description: Arrives at Council of Pisa

1409-05-29 | Preaches before the Council of Pisa | Political

Event Description: This could be considered one of the pinnacle moments of Plaoul's career. Plaoul delivered a sermon at the 13th session of the council of Pisa in front of an audience of more than 100 theologians. It likely that the new Pontiff chosen by the council was pleased with what Plaoul had to say because in June of the same year this pope, Alexander V, appointed Plaoul Bishp of Senlis

primary: Hermann von der Hardt, Res concilii oecumenici Constantiensis, 1687, II, col. 132 BEGL

This source is used by Figueiredo

primary: Mansi, Amplissima Collectio, XXVI, col. 1144 BE

primary: Martene, Amplissio Collectio, 1733 VII, col. 1094 BEGL

secondary: Gallia Christiana 1751, X, 1431 BEGL

secondary: Figueiredo, Tentativa theologica, 1847, p. 158 BEGL

Cites Hardt as source

secondary: Millet, "Pierre Plaoul", 2009, pp. 192-193 BE

1409-10-02 | Becomes Bishop of Senlis | Benefices

Event Description: Named Bishop of Senlis by Pope Alexander V, the new pope chosen by the Council of Pisa

secondary: Gallia Christiana, 1751, X, 1431 BEGL

secondary: Eubel, Hierarchia catholica medii aevi, I, p. 452 BE

there may be an older edition of this from 1898, wherein the same piece of information is found on p. 476

secondary: Gane, Le chapitre de Notre-Dame, p. 368, n. 518 BE

1410-05-04 | Writes to University about Death of Alexander V | Political

Event Description: Plaoul writes the university informing of the death of Alex. V and the failure to sign rotulus

primary: Chron. de Jean Brandon, ed Kervyn de Lettenhove in Chron, relatives a l'hist. de la Belgique (1870), I, p. 135 sq.

This is the letter referenced by Denifle in the Chartularium. It is perserved in the chronicles compiled by John Brandon.

primary: CUP IV, 178, #1881 BE

Denifle notes a letter written to the university by Peter Plaoul. The letter is preserved and recorded by the Chronicler Jean Brandon and has been edited and published by Kervyn de Lettenhove (1870).

1410-11-13 | Speaks before the English-German nation | Political

Event Description: He speaks before the English-German nation as part of a delegation of the Cardinal Adimari

primary: AUP II, col. 90

secondary: Gallia Christiana X, 1431 BEGL

this text states that Plaoul, with the Archbishop of Pisa, sent by John XXIII to speak at the University of Paris and that they were heard on November 13, 1410

1410-12-16 | Enters into his See at Senlis | Benefices

Event Description: He enters into his see at Senlis

primary: Gallia Christiana X, 1431 BEGL

seconary: Millet, p. 194 BE

1411 | Borrows books from College of Chollets | Education | Uncertain

Event Description: Borrows 18 volumes from the college of Chollets

primary: Registre de Pret ?

secondary: Franklin, Ancien Biblioteques 1.375-376

secondary: R-K, "Biblioteque" 34, 60

1412-02-23 | Present at University Assembly | Political | Uncertain

Event Description: Present at an Assembly where the University of Paris revindicated its access to papal provision

primary: CUP IV, 226-232 esp. 227, #1943 BEGL

secondary: Millet, p. 195 BE

1412-04-30 | Has key with the consent of the Lord Provisor [?et aule prius habito?] | Education | Uncertain

Event Description: Has key with the consent of the Lord Provisor [?et aule prius habito?]

manuscript: Paris, Bibliothèque Mazarine, ms. 3323, f. 47r

This has been transcribed in Vielleard, p. 195

primary: Vielliard, Le Registre de Prêt, p. 195 BE

this is a transcription of ms. 3323, f. 47r

1412-05-18 | Reims manuscript of Sentences copied by scribe | Sentences

Event Description: the inscription on an inside flap of the codex reads: "Difficultates[?] theologicas[?] Philippi Padua[?] et Petri Plaoul Episcopi Silvanectensis Super fide catholica. / Datur [?] hic liber ab Aegidio de Aspivomoul - die May 18 anno domini 1412"

manuscript: Ms Reims 507

1412-07-01 | Sent to Auxerre | Political

Event Description: One of twelve representatives sent to Auxerre to discuss the peace of the kingdom

primary: CUP IV, 241, #1956 BEGL

primary: Bellaguet (1842), Chronique du religieux de Saint-Denys, IV, p. 440 BEGL

This document contains both a Latin and French version, wherein Plaoul is identified as the Bishop of Senlis. The beginning of the document indicates that the King called many secret meetings to reconcile the conflict of many ducs and that finally at the end of July he assembled another meeting in Auxerre to which Plaoul was sent. [not clear to me where it say that this meeting was to take place in Auxerre

secondary: Millet, p. 195 BE

1412-08-01 | University asks Plaoul to accept office of protector of the privileges of the University | Political

Event Description: University asks Plaoul to accept office of protector of the privileges of the University. This date is uncertain. Denifle says anytime after Aug 1412 to 1420. The latter date, of course, is not possible since Plaoul died in 1415

primary: CUP IV, 245-246, #1958 BE

secondary: Tournier, p. 526.

1412 -- 1415 | Serves as provisor of the College de Sorbonne | Education | Uncertain

Event Description: Serves as provisor of the College de Sorbonne

secondary: Glorieux, Aux Origines 1.180

Event Note: could this be related 1412-04-30 and Plaoul receiving key with the consent of the provisor

1415 | Gives gifts to the Sorbonne | Education

Event Description: Left to the Sorbonne a Bible with concordances, Albert the Great's Commentary on the Sentences, earning himself commemorative portrait

manuscript: BnF 15253

manuscript: BnF ms lat 16260

primary: Vielliard, Registre de Pret, p. 668

secondary: Deslisle, Cabinet 2.169

secondary: Franklin, Ancien Biblioteques

1415-04-11 | Dies | Life

Event Description: Peter Plaoul Dies

primary: ms. Reims f. 213vb

This epitaph added to the penultimate page of the Reims ms. after Plaoul's death reads "obiit ?dictum? magister petrus plaoul episcopus Silvanectem parum[?] die XI mensis aprilis anno domini MCCCCXV, anima eius in pace requiescat, amen." or Master Plaoul, Bishop of Senlis, on the 11th day of the month of april in the year of our Lord 1415. May his soul rest in peace, amen.

primary: H. Finke, Acta concilii Constanciensis, 4 vols., Munster, 1896-1928, t. 3, p. 216-217

primar: A. Longnon, Obituaires de la province de Sens, t. 1, 740

secondary: Gallia Christiana X, 1431 BEGL

This text suggest that Plaoul was buried next to Peter Lombard, Bishop of Paris

secondary: Eubel 1, p. 452

secondary: Millet, "Pierre Plaoul," p. 195

1415-04-14 | Johannes de Attrio returns the Late Plaoul's Library key | Education | Uncertain

Event Description: Johannes de Attrio returns the Late Plaoul's Library key

manuscript: Paris, Bibliothèque Mazarine, ms. 3323, f. 47r

This has been transcribed in Vielleard, p. 195

primary: Vielliard, Le Registre de Prêt, p. 195 BE

this is a transcription of ms. 3323, f. 47r

1423 | Plaoul referenced in the margins of the Sentences Commentary of Lambertus de Monte | Sentences

Event Description: Plaoul repeated appears in the margins of the Sentences Commenatry of Lambertus de Monte written in 1423. Lambertus appears to be citing Plaoul from ms. E

manuscript: Biblioteque Royale de Belgique, 760, 1715, C (or Bruxelles, KB 760), f. 8r, f. 12r, f. 25r, f. 26r, f. 71v

Thanks to Mario Meliado for this intial list [could there be more??]

secondary: Mario Meliadò and Silvia Negri, "Neues zum Pariser Albertismus des frühen 15. Jahrhunderts. Der Magister Lambertus de Monte und die Handschrift Bruxelles, KB 760" Bulletin de philosophie médiévale 53/2011

1428-11-21 | MS VP is gifted to the Library at the University of Heidelberg | Sentences

Event Description: Henricus de Gouda bequeaths to the University of Heidelberg several books, one of which is ms VP containing Plaoul's Commentary on the Sentences

primary: AU II, 72

this is cited by Toepke, but not by Maier

secondary: Die matrikel der Universitat Heidelberg, 693, n. 855 BEGL

secondary: Maier, Zu einigen Sentenzenkommentaren des XIV Jahrhundert, 405-409, esp. 406 BE

1464-10-09 | Plaoul's Sentences checked out by Henricus de Quesnayo | Sentences | uncertain

Event Description: Plaoul's Sentences checked out by Henricus de Quesnayo. Ms should read "conformes" on second folio and "et causa est" on penultimate folio

manuscript: Paris, Bibliothèque Mazarine, ms. 3323, f. 120v

This has been transcribed in Vielleard, p. 432

primary: Vielliard, Le Registre de Prêt, doss. 113, a. 4, p. 432 BE

this is a transcription of ms. 3323, f. 120v

secondary: Kaluza, "Les débuts de l'Albertisme tardif (Paris et Cologne)," p. 287 BE

1466-12-28 | Plaoul's Sentences renewed Henricus de Quesnayo | Sentences | Uncertain

Event Description: Plaoul's Sentences renewed by Henricus de Quesnayo

manuscript: Paris, Bibliothèque Mazarine, ms. 3323, f. 120v

This has been transcribed in Vielleard, p. 432

primary: Vielliard, Le Registre de Prêt, doss. 113, a. 4, p. 432 BE

this is a transcription of ms. 3323, f. 120v

1476-01-06 | Plaoul's Sentences checked out by Johannes Cordier | Sentences

Event Description: Plaoul's Sentences checked out by Johannes Cordier. Second folio reads "conformes nec" and penultimate folio reads "fuit ideo sub quacumque quantitate"

manuscript: Paris, Bibliothèque Mazarine, ms. 3323, f. 116v

This has been transcribed in Vielleard, p. 469

primary: Vielliard, Le Registre de Prêt, doss. 127, a. 10, p. 469 BE

this is a transcription of ms. 3323, f. 116v

secondary: Kaluza "Les débuts de l'Albertisme tardif (Paris et Cologne)," p. 284 BE

1479 | Plaoul's Sentences checked out by Cornelius Audendick | Sentences

Event Description: Plaoul's Sentences checked out by Cornelius Audendick. Second folio reads "conformans" and penultimate folio reads "pulcherrima"

manuscript: Paris, Bibliothèque Mazarine, ms. 3323, f. 125r

This has been transcribed in Vielleard, p. 484

primary: Vielliard, Le Registre de Prêt, doss. 135, a. 4, p. 484 BE

this is a transcription of ms. 3323, f. 125r

1481-06-09 | Plaoul's Sentences checked out by Johannes Lalier | Sentences

Event Description: Plaoul's Sentences checked out by Johannes Lalier. Second folio reads "conformes" and penultimate folio reads "et eam" or "et causa"

manuscript: Paris, Bibliothèque Mazarine, ms. 3323, f. 122v

This has been transcribed in Vielleard, p. 483

primary: Vielliard, Le Registre de Prêt, doss. 134, a. 19, p. 483 BE

this is a transcription of ms. 3323, f. 122v

secondary: Kaluza, Z., "Les débuts de l'Albertisme tardif (Paris et Cologne)," 288 BE